Today is sixty years since the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Last year we had the festivities of the Diamond Jubilee, marking sixty years since her accession, but today marks the anniversary of the great celebration in Westminster Abbey which provided such memorable images to the world. And in comparison to the rather wet day we had last year, today London is basking in sunshine.
I was looking for a recipe in honour of this day, and I was rather surprised that there were not more cakes and bakes that were associated with great event. Perhaps everything else has been overshadowed by the famous Coronation Chicken? Undeterred, I kept searching and finally came across the curiously-named Queen Elizabeth Cake. This is a tray cake made with dates and nuts, finished off with a caramel glaze and topped with coconut. So far, so good.
This is a cake with quite an interesting story. The tale goes that Her Majesty used to enjoy dabbling in home baking from time to time, and would make this recipe herself, in the Buckingham Palace kitchens, to be sold for charitable purposes. In fact, this was the only cake she would make. With this sort of regal endorsement, I just had to try this recipe. Incidentally, I’m sure the Queen would appreciate the Great British Bake-Off – but what would she make of this cake featuring as part of the technical challenge?
The technique was new to me – the cake has a lot of dates in it, but rather than just throwing them in and hoping for the best, they are soaked briefly in hot water with bicarbonate of soda. This soda, in addition to helping the cake to rise, gives the batter greater saltiness which combines with the sweet dates to enhance their flavour. The overall result is light, airy and delicious. With the caramel glaze, it probably makes you think of sticky toffee pudding.
When it came to assembling the cake, and with the utmost respect to Her Majesty, I departed from the original recipe. My cake did rise in the oven, but it was about 2 1/2 cm in depth. I wanted it higher, so I cut the cake into two slabs, and used half of the glaze as a filling, and so ended up with two layers. If you’ve got lots of people coming to tea, just go with one layer, but I think the double-layer approach looks quite nice. When it comes to the coconut, I would go for the white stuff rather than the golden toasted coconut. Nothing to do with flavour, but the white coconut looks great against the caramel.
Now, time for a reality check. Is this cake really a secret from Buckingham Palace? Well, we do know that the Queen is very practical and hands-on when she is at her summer home, Balmoral Castle in Scotland, and from her days in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. I have no doubt she would be more than capable when it comes of baking. This also seems like a very traditional cake to me – the dates and walnuts give it an old-fashioned flavour, and I felt the air of post-war austerity over the ingredients, jazzed up with exotic coconut, all of which lends an air of plausibility to the story of this recipe coming from a newly-crowned Queen in the 1950s.
However, a few things make me cautious. This recipe does seem very close to the very British dessert of sticky toffee pudding, so perhaps it’s just that with a better story? Also, lots of the versions of this recipe featured online from yellowing scraps of paper found in attics from American sources, with references to terms like “frosting” and “pecans”. We don’t frost cakes in Britain, we ice them (and if you’ve had the pleasure of a British wedding cake, you might think we plaster them). Pecan nuts are traditionally less common than good old-fashioned walnuts over here. So on balance, if I were asked to come down in favour of a “yay” or “nay”, I would need to plump for “nay”, but even so, there is a nice story behind this cake, and if Her Majesty were to be coming round for afternoon tea, I don’t think she would refuse a slice. Congratulations Ma’am!
To make Queen Elizabeth Cake (makes 12 pieces):
For the cake:
• 175g soft dates, finely chopped
• 240ml boiling water
• 1 teaspoon bicarbonate of soda
• 200g soft brown sugar
• 120g butter
• 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
• 1 egg
• 140g plain flour
• 1 teaspoon baking powder
• 1/2 teaspoon salt
• 60g walnuts, chopped
For the glaze:
• 75g soft brown sugar
• 75g double cream
• 25g butter
• pinch of salt
• 30g desiccated coconut
1. Preheat the oven to 175°C (300°F). Line a 23 x 31cm (9 x 12 inch) rectangular baking tray with greaseproof paper.
2. In a heatproof bowl, mix the dates, bicarbonate of soda and boiling water and set aside.
3. In another bowl, beat the butter, sugar and vanilla until light and fluffy. Add the egg and mix well, then fold in the flour and baking powder until just combined.
4. Add the nuts and the date mixture (the dates should have absorbed a lot of the water, but the mixture will still be very wet – it should be lukewarm, not hot). Stir with a light hand until smooth.
5. Pour the batter into the tray and bake for around 25-30 minutes until the top is a rich brown colour and an inserted skewer comes out clean. Leave to cool.
6. While the cake is baking, make the glaze – put the sugar, cream, butter and salt into a saucepan, and keep stirring until the mixture comes to the boil. Remove from the heat and put aside until cold.
7. To finish the cake, cut in two equal slabs. Spread half the glaze onto one piece, then place the other on top of it. Spread the remaining glaze on the cake and sprinkle with the coconut. Trim the edges for a neat finish and cut into pieces.
Worth making? An easy recipe, but gives a rich, moist cake which cuts easily. Perfect for coffee mornings or afternoon tea. Recommended, and with royal approval!
9 responses to “Queen Elizabeth Cake”
Seems delicious. I can already imagine Queen Elisabeth making it 🙂 I’m not a sweet tooth but I would appreciate a chunk of this!
Yes, I like to imagine that perhaps she has made a batch of this at some point 😉
Reblogged this on yvettelansanganwrites and commented:
love eating? let’s try baking this. Reblog from londoneats.
When I first saw this cake, I thought it was a Love Yummie, or Mocha Square cake, which is so very good. The recipe isn’t anything like the Love Yummie cake. Anyways, nice blog, thank you for posting, sorry ’bout the ramble.
This recipe was called “Princess Elizabeth Cake” when my mother was a child back in 1950. She was learning to bake then. Once Princess Elizabeth was coronated in 1953, the name of the cake was changed to reflect her new role as Queen of the Commonwealth.
Sue from Ottawa Canada.
Hi Sue – that’s great little historical fact. I’ve done a little research on this cake, but that was something I didn’t find out. I think it’s a really nice idea that the name was changed when Her Majesty became Queen.
There seems to be a lot of debate about where this cake originated but it seems to be more popular in Canada than anywhere else, but the oldest source I’ve found online is reprint from the very popular Canadian women’s magazine, Chatelaine. The recipe was printed in the June 1953 issue as “Queen Elizabeth II cake” and it didn’t have any nuts. You can see it here: http://www.chatelaine.com/recipes/chatelainekitchen/celebrate-the-queens-diamond-jubilee-with-a-cake-from-our-1953-issue/
Also, in a discussion on Chowhound about favourite recipes passed down from parents and grandparents, a woman claims to know the woman who originated the recipe: “Funny you should mention Queen Elizabeth cake; my mother was taught baking by the woman who created the recipe for it. We always called it Princess Elizabeth cake because she was only a princess then and that’s what the original recipe says. She gave it to my mom and told her not to tell anyone, but mom gave it to her maid of honour under pledge of secrecy. The next thing she knew it was published in a church cookbook by the maid’s mother and the secret was welll and truly out. I have never sen a reprint though that is exactly like the original,.”